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(07/20/09) -

Communists Lead, Outcome Uncertain in Moldova

(Angus Reid Global Monitor) – The governing Communist Party of Moldova (PCRM) is leading its rivals ahead of a snap election, according to a poll by Vox Populi. 29.7 per cent of respondents would support the PCRM in this month’s ballot.

(Angus Reid Global Monitor) – The governing Communist Party of Moldova (PCRM) is leading its rivals ahead of a snap election, according to a poll by Vox Populi. 29.7 per cent of respondents would support the PCRM in this month’s ballot.

The Liberal Party (PL) is second with 13.3 per cent, followed by the Liberal Democratic Party (PLD) with 12.8 per cent, Our Moldova (MN) with 7.8 per cent, and the Democratic Party of Moldova (PDM) with 7.1 per cent. The numbers suggest that the PCRM would be unable to form a government without the support of the opposition.

In 2001, Moldova became the first former Soviet Republic to democratically elect a communist administration. The PCRM won 49.9 per cent of the vote and 71 seats. The Parliament later picked Vladimir Voronin as president. The PCRM also emerged victorious in the 2005 election, with 46.1 per cent of the vote and 56 seats.

In April, Moldovan voters renewed the Parliament. Final results gave the PCRM 49.48 per cent of the vote and 60 seats. Opposition politicians rejected the outcome, but electoral observers from the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) described the process as free and fair.

In early June, PCRM member Zinaida Greceanii was unable to garner 61 votes in the Parliament to become president. Liberal opposition members blocked Greceanii’s election.

On Jun. 15, Voronin—who had announced his intention to retire once a new head of state was chosen—scheduled a new legislative ballot for Jul. 29, saying, "I have issued a decree of the dissolution of parliament. The atmosphere for this election is much worse than it was before the April election. The opposition wants destabilization, chaos, and the defeat of Moldova."

On Jun. 24, the three main opposition parties—Liberals, Liberal Democrats and Our Moldova—established a political council. Our Moldova leader Serafim Urecheam declared: "The council is the continuation of our previous electoral efforts. It is well in harmony with the political messages the three parties put forward before the April 5 elections, and is a definite sign of consolidation of Moldovan opposition forces."

Polling Data

Which party would you vote for in the parliamentary election?

Communist Party of Moldova (PCRM)

29.7%

Liberal Democratic Party (PLD)

12.8%

Liberal Party (PL)

13.3%

Our Moldova (MN)

7.8%

Democratic Party of Moldova (PDM)

7.1%

Source: Vox Populi
Methodology: Interviews with 1,592 Moldovan adults, conducted from Jul. 1 to Jul. 10, 2009. Margin of error is 2.8 per cent.